Now it exists only on paper, in the form of a memorandum of understanding. But if it is built, the recently announced solar photoelectric project in Saudi Arabia will beat all records. It will be more than any existing solar project 100 times. Upon completion of construction, which is scheduled for 2030, the farm will be able to produce 200 gigawatts of energy. The project is supported by the Softbank Group and the new crown prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed Bin Salman.
The Tengger Desert Solar Park in China, also known as the Great Wall of the Sun, is the world’s largest functioning solar farm with a capacity of 1.5 GW. Currently, more farms are being built, including Westlands Solar Park, which will already have 2.7 GW of capacity. But they fade against the backdrop of the emerging Saudi project; two solar parks in the early stages will have a capacity of 7.2 GW and according to the plan they will begin to produce energy in the next year.
The largest solar power plant in the world
The Saudi project makes sense to compare with projects larger, at the level of countries or even planets. At present, Saudi Arabia produces 77 GW of electricity. With a new project, the output will almost triple. The current total power of solar photovoltaic generation worldwide (!) Is 303 GW. In other words, this new solar farm will be able to compete in volumes of electricity generation almost with the whole world.
Of course, the practical doubling of the production of world solar energy will be costly; Now the budget of the project is 200 billion dollars (although, if you compare it with $ 20 billion for half a gigawatts of synthesis energy, it’s not so bad). But this project will also help to solve a number of problems for the Saudis.
First, solar energy is excellently produced in the desert. Brightness is high, there is a lot of free space, and peak demand is conditioned by the need for air conditioning in cities and therefore corresponds to peak load. Secondly, the oil reserves are exhausted, and one day they will come to an end. Saudi Arabia, being one of the largest oil exporters in the world, plans to diversify its economy and does it right.